Out of Bounds: Misogyny and sports are still far too intertwined

first_imgThe whole room laughed because the irony was so clear. It’s not just women who would be maimed by a Watt tackle; most adult men on this planet would be, too.  In the 1800s, scientists said that because women’s bones are more fragile than men’s, they should not ride bicycles because it would damage their hips and impair their ability to carry children. Of course, none of this was true. It was a way to continue to restrict women using a veil of physiological differences that were not at all substantiated. In thinking critically about topics such as women’s limited participation in sports, let’s try to look at the big picture and try to think more like it’s the 21st century.  In the same vein, sports like wrestling and rowing have weight classes. That’s the detail that made me think back to a situation in my Sports and Social Change class earlier this semester. These two things might not seem related, but bear with me.  When we got to the seventh question, the professor, Ben Carrington, read it out loud: “The limited participation by women in sports reflects their biological potential,” the statement read. Carrington instructed the students to raise their hand if they marked it as true, as he had with all the other statements. Out of the class of 91 students, about 10 raised their hand.  Beyond that, there’s a big difference in the way young boys and girls are socialized. Girls are often boxed into less violent sports and activities such as volleyball, gymnastics, cheerleading or dance. There is nothing wrong with any of those, but the emphasis placed on femininity at such an early age has more to do with women’s limited participation in sports than any physiological differences.  Part of the reason for women’s limited participation in sports is not because they’re physically incapable. If we’re using football as a benchmark, the reason is in part because, beyond the middle school level, there is not much opportunity for young women to play. There are women’s football leagues in the U.S., but they are very, very limited.  I was lucky enough to grow up in a family where, from a young age, my mom praised my muscular legs. In my various lacrosse collisions, I’d hear my dad yelling from the sidelines “Let ‘em bounce off of you biscuit! You’re bigger than them!” But that’s not the case for every young girl. Girls grow up hearing derogatory phrases such as “run like a girl” or “hit like a girl” and begin to think they’re physically inferior to men. Even into adulthood, the media sexualizes female athletes and often focuses more on their outfits, attractiveness and love interests than their actual athletic performance.  For reference, J.J. Watt is 6-foot-5, 290 lbs. Professor Carrington thought for a moment and said “OK … so what would happen if you went up against J.J. Watt?” That’s why a sport like Sprint Football exists — so that small but athletic players have an opportunity.  Over fall break, I went to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Md., and watched my younger brother George’s Sprint Football game. For those of you who don’t know what Sprint Football is (I didn’t either until George started playing this year), it’s regular American football — the only difference being that every player on the roster must be 178 pounds or lighter. Only 10 schools play it, and they are all in the Northeast. Everyone in the class received a quiz comprised of 10 statements to be marked true or false. All of the statements were multi-faceted and didn’t have a distinct right or wrong answer. The point of the exercise was to open up a class discussion about why we chose the answers we did.  Jill Burke is a senior writing about sports in relation to current issues. Her column, “Out of Bounds,” runs every other Friday. I was really disappointed that that many people agreed. It actually made me sad, and still does, to know that there are people at USC who think that way. I also couldn’t believe that those people weren’t embarrassed to be publicly misogynistic.  The games are incredibly fun to watch. The players, and in turn, the game, moves fast. It’s a varsity sport of its own, not just the JV football team. After the game, the Navy Sprint Football coach didn’t refer to Navy Football, who was playing the next day, as “main football” or “real football.” Rather, he just called them “the big boys,” because there’s no reason for a sport intended for lighter people to be seen as secondary. The subconscious message is clear: To a certain degree, women’s athletic capabilities aren’t as important or respected as men’s. If we raised young girls by encouraging them to be brave and tough — as we encourage young boys — the psychology would be a lot different.  Professor Carrington called on people around the room to explain why they thought the statement was true. One guy volunteered his reasoning and explained that if a girl were to go up against NFL defensive end J.J. Watt, they would get absolutely demolished because Watt is huge. The professor asked the student, who is not a particularly large person, how big Watt is and the student gave an estimate. last_img read more

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Increase Your Production Values with Simple Costume Design

first_imgCostume design doesn’t have to mean sewing everything by hand. Here are some tips for improving your production value with a little planning.Fashion communicates a lot about our personalities. The styles we like, the colors we choose, and the way we wear our clothes says a lot about our characteristics. We can’t help but judge a book by its cover. The same goes for how we perceive the characters in a film.Costume design is a critical aspect of filmmaking, but it doesn’t always have to mean creating tings from scratch. If you’re filming on a budget, you can still pull off great costume design with discount or thrift shopping. To do so, you just need to keep in mind how to communicate with costume design.Costume Communicates CharacterWhen deciding on the costume for your characters, consider, of course, the setting of the film, but more importantly, think about the personalities of your characters. Are they confident? Powerful? Do they have fine tastes like James Bond? Does that determine the look? Bond doesn’t always wear a tux, but he is always sharply dressed. His clothing fits well, the colors coordinate nicely, and the style exudes confidence.Also keep in mind a character’s silhouette. James Bond’s silhouette is all strong lines that his clothing accentuates; he looks like a man in control. The same goes for Indiana Jones, for whom the mere shadow of his costume communicates his personality.Image via Lucas Film.Colors can also communicate certain traits. Traditionally, red signifies power and passion — and sometimes danger. Blue often connotes tranquility and peace. White indicates innocence and purity. For example, what better color could make up the costume of the young and naive Luke Skywalker in A New Hope? Or Tony Stark wearing red and gold? Red for his powerful status and passionate persona, and gold for his wealth and extravagance.Image via Marvel Studios.However, keep in mind that the meanings associated with color depend on the setting or even the genre of your film — and how the writer and director establish certain colors. For instance, yellow may usually represent brightness and joy, but in The Great Gatsby, yellow represents a vile nature and putridity.Image via Warner Bros.Character ProgressionCostume Design is another way to communicate character development. This happens most obviously in superhero origin stories. Once our character is ready to step up and become a hero, they create their new costume to represent who they have become. Bruce Wayne makes and dons the batsuit to become Batman, and Tony Stark does the same to become Iron Man.As Luke Skywalker progresses from a naive young man to a no-nonsense Jedi master, his costume changesImages via Disney.This represents Luke’s progression from a naive adolescent to a jaded warrior, when he begins to face the temptation of joining the dark side like his father (further symbolized by his prosthetic hand). However, after Luke passes his final test and refuses to kill his father, the inside of his shirt falls open, revealing a white lining, and that purity and goodness still shines through him.Now, these aren’t the most subtle examples of character development communicated through costume design, but they quickly and easily relay the point. Your own costume design doesn’t have to be so obvious, or even have the deepest meaning behind it. Your character’s wardrobe should match the character’s personality and their background — not the actor’s, if you’re not providing wardrobe. A hipster won’t dress like a skater, nor will a wealthy housewife dress like a construction worker. When characters don’t dress in a manner that complements their own styles, everything feels mismatched and out of place.Everything in the frame matters and communicates some degree of the story to the audience. Costume design is one of the the most important aspects of filmmaking because it communicates even more quickly than a character’s dialogue. Think carefully about your characters and choose their costumes wisely.Cover image via MGM.Looking for more filmmaking tips and tricks? Check out  these articles.Pre-Production Tips: The Basics of Breaking Down a ScriptEvery Editor’s Secret Weapon: Royalty-Free FootageCinematography Tip: Working with Unmotivated Camera MovementLens Tips: Doing the Work of Four Lenses with TwoFilmmaking Fundamentals: Using Blocking to Get Your Scenes Movinglast_img read more

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Nietes vacates WBO throne, eyes pricey fights

first_imgUnited VC tries to add to Generika’s troubles PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Palicte fashioned out a second-round knockout over Jose Martinez on Jan. 31 and the WBO quickly ordered a mandatory fight between the two Filipino fighters.But the camps failed to reach an agreement, prompting WBO to call on a purse bid that also fell through with Nietes’ decision to drop the crown.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem MOST READ SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte In the end, the 36-year-old felt he must level up his career by chasing big-money fights. His hit list includes Srisaket Sor Rungvisai and Juan Francisco Estrada, who are movers and shakers in their weight classes.“Also, I want to give my fellow Filipino Aston Palicte a chance to fight for the World title and bring pride and glory to our country,” Nietes said in a statement issued on Friday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesPalicte’s camp has earlier said they will make a deal for a world title, a prospect that is very likely, considering the Bago City native is being handled by Roy Jones Jr., Promotions.Nietes and Palicte fought to a split draw for the same crown that was vacant back in September in the United States. Nietes then got to claim the title after scoring a split decision win over Japanese Kazuto Ioka last Dec. 31. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netDonnie Nietes chose to give up his WBO super flyweight crown and pursue big fights elsewhere.That means he won’t get to do a rematch with fellow Filipino Aston Palicte amid the heated back-and-forth between their two camps.ADVERTISEMENT P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. 1 dead, 3 injured in Quezon road crash LATEST STORIES Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Hong Kong tunnel reopens, campus siege nears end P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed Trump campaign, GOP groups attack Google’s new ad policy View commentslast_img read more

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